Simple Past Tense

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Simple past tense merupakan jenis tenses yang digunakan untuk menyatakan kejadian yang telah terjadi pada waktu tertentu di masa lalu.
– Jenis kejadian bisa pendek atau panjang.
– Juga bisa menjadi beberapa kejadian terjadi satu demi persatu.

Secara umum, Ada dua fakta penting yang perlu diingat dalam simple past tense ini :
– Ada ratusan macam kata kerja tak beraturan ( Irregular Verbs) dengan bentuk yang berbeda
– Bentuk kalimat negatif dan pertanyaan (interrogative) berbeda dengan bentuk kalimat positif contoh :
o You called Daniel
o Did you call Daniel?
o You did not call Daniel.

Pada contoh ada 3 kalimat negative dengan bentuk positif, negative, dan interrogative. Pada kalimat negative dan interrogative Kata kerja “call” tidak ditulis dalam bentuk Verb II karena sudah ada did sebagai penanda lampau sehingga kata kerja “call” ditulis dalam bentuk Verb I.

Rumus Simple Past Tense dan Contoh

Berikut ini rumus simple present tense yang terbagi dalam 3 bentuk :

(+) Bentuk Positif :
– Subject + was/were + complement (pelengkap)
– Subject + Verb II + Object
Contoh :
– I saw a movie yesterday
– Last year, Daniel was here

(-) Bentuk Negatif
– Subject + to be (was/were) + not + complement
– Subject + did not + Verb I + Object
Contoh :
– I did not see him yesterday
– She was not here yesterday

Bentuk did not atau was/were not bisa disingkat menjadi didn’t atau wasn’t dan weren’t
( ? ) Bentuk Interrogative :
– Did + Subject + Verb I + Object + ?
Contoh :
– Did you play football yesterday ?

Ada beberapa fungsi dari simple past tense yaitu :

Simple Past Tense - pengertian, contoh dan soal1. Menyatakan kegiatan / aktivitas yang sudah terjadi di waktu lampau. Biasanya si pelaku dalam kalimat tidak menyatakan kapan aktivitas tersebut berakhir. Contoh :
– I saw a movie yesterday.
– Did you have your dinner last night?
– He did not wash his car.
2. Menyatakan beberapa kegiatan yang sudah terjadi di waktu lampau. Biasanya jumlah kegiatannya lebih dari satu. Contoh :
– I finished work, walked to the beach, and found a nice place to swim
– He arrived from the airport at 08.00 Am, checked into the hotel at 09.00 Am, and met others at 10.00 Am
– Did you add flour, pour in the milk, and then eggs?
3. Menyatakan jangka waktu dari kegiatan yang sudah terjadi di waktu lampau. Durasi waktu yang dijelaskan biasanya lama. Bisa dua tahun,
– I lived in Brazil for two years
– Shauna studied Japanese for five years.
4. Menyatakan kebiasaan yang terjadi dan sudah berhenti di waktu lampau. Bentuk ini sama dengan “Used to”. Biasanya kita menambahkan keterangan waktu seperti always, often, usually. Contoh :
– I studied Japanese language when I was child.
– She worked at movie theater, when she was in junior high school.
5. Menyatakan kebenaran umum yang pernah terjadi di masa lampau yang sudah tidak terjadi lagi. Contoh :
– She was shy as a child , but now she is easy going/
– He did not like tomatoes before.

Latihan Soal Simple Past Tense

terjemahkan kalimat berikut kedalam bahasa inggris dengan menggunakan Simple Past Tense.

1.Kami menjual sepeda motor kami kemarin
2.Apakah kamu pergi ke luar tadi malam ?
3.Dia tidak datang ke pesta itu minggu lalu
4.Apakah kamu tidur nyenyak tadi malam ?
5.Kami menjual rumah kami di Surabaya tahun lalu.

Simple past tense diatas dipelajari jika Anda memang fokus menguasai grammar karena memang adanya tuntutan untuk menguasainya. Tetapi jika Anda ingin menguasai percakapan bahasa inggris, Anda tidak perlu pusing mempelajari simple past tense, langsung praktekkan modul belajar bahasa inggris tanpa grammar dari BelajarINGGRIS.net.

About Imam Khanafi

26 Responses to “Simple Past Tense”

Read below or add a comment...

  1. n says:

    bagaimana penggunaan when dan while
    ex:
    while sinta (eat)……….dinner,rahma came through the door

  2. i says:

    kalau aku gak salah sich,while shinta was eating,rahma came
    truz kalau d balik jadi”rahma came when sinta was eating”….
    tapi kurg yakin dink,hehehe

  3. ajjaiii says:

    1. we were sell our motorcycle yesterday .
    2. did you go out last night ?
    3. he was not go to party last week .
    4. did we sleep soundly last night?
    5. we were sell our home in surabaya last year.
    6. The Marketing manager was research last week.
    7. did your company were sell chair last year ? yes
    8. when did you start your business in Surabaya ? Last year
    9. who did made the cake yesterday ? my mother
    10. what fall on the street yesterday ? my bag.

    lagi belajar ..
    jadi maaf kalo masih banyak yang salah .. thank’s

  4. maretha pinky says:

    1.we sold our motorcycle yesterday.
    2.did you go outside last night?
    3.he didn’t come at the party last week.
    4.did u sleep well last night?
    5. we sold our home at surabaya last year.
    6.the marketting manager conducted a research last week.
    7. did your company sell chairs last year? yes,it did
    8. when did you start your business in surabaya? last year.
    9. who made the cake yesterday?
    10. what fell on the street yesterday?

    if i’m not mistaken..hehehe

  5. wirdy says:

    i like this

  6. eko puji santoso says:

    apa perbeda’an only dan just???
    tolong ksih contohny…!!

  7. bobby says:

    1. we sold our motorcycle yesterday
    2.did you go outside last night?
    3. he was not go to party last week .
    4. did you sleep tight last night?
    5. we sold our house in surabaya last year.
    6. The Marketing manager did the research last week.
    7. did your company sell a chair last year ? yes,my company di
    8. when did you start your business in Surabaya ? Last year
    9. who was made the cake yesterday ? my mother
    10. what was fell on the street yesterday ? my bag

    tolong dikoreksi mr admin ato agan2 sekalian,maklum ane masi newbie…hheehe

  8. bobby says:

    1. we sold our motorcycle yesterday
    2.did you go outside last night?
    3. he did not go to party last week .
    4. did you sleep tight last night?
    5. we sold our house in surabaya last year.
    6. The Marketing manager did the research last week.
    7. did your company sell a chair last year ? yes,my company di
    8. when did you start your business in Surabaya ? Last year
    9. who was made the cake yesterday ? my mother
    10. what was fell on the street yesterday ? my bag
    tolong dikoreksi mr admin ato agan2 sekalian,maklum ane masi newbie…hheehe

  9. yudia says:

    1. we were sell our motorcycle yesterday .
    2. did you go out last night ?
    3. he was not go to party last week .
    4. did we sleep soundly last night?
    5. we were sell our home in surabaya last year.
    6. The Marketing manager was research last week.
    7. did your company were sell chair last year ? yes
    8. when did you start your business in Surabaya ? Last year
    9. who did made the cake yesterday ? my mother
    10. what fall on the street yesterday ? my bag.

    bener gag ya. ???????

  10. luh resmiasih says:

    1. we sell our motorbike yesterday
    2. did you go out last night?
    3. she did not come to that party last week
    4. did you sleep well last night?
    5. we sell our house at surabaya last year
    6. the marketing manager has observed last week
    7. did your company has sale chair last year? yes.
    8. when did you run your business at surabaya?? last year
    9. who was make that cake yesterday? my mom
    10. what was fall on the street yesterday? my bag.

  11. awiie says:

    1 we sold our motorcycle yesterday
    2 did you go outside last night?
    3 he wasn’t come in party last week
    4 did you sleep soundly last night?
    5 we was sell our home in surabaya last year

  12. GeeGee says:

    1.Kami menjual sepeda motor kami kemarin
    We sold our motorcycle(s) yesterday

    2.Apakah kamu pergi ke luar tadi malam ?
    Did you go out last night?

    3.Dia tidak datang ke pesta itu minggu lalu
    He/She didn’t come to party last week

    4.Apakah kamu tidur nyenyak tadi malam ?
    Did you sleep well last night?

    5.Kami menjual rumah kami di Surabaya tahun lalu.
    We sold our house in Surabaya last year

    6.Manajer pemasaran tersebut melakukan penelitian minggu lalu.
    The Marketing manager did researched last week

    7.Apakah perusahaan anda menjual kursi tahun lalu ? Ya.
    Did your company sell chair(s) last year? Yes, We did

    8.Kapan anda menjalankan usaha anda di Surabaya ? tahun lalu
    When did you start your business in Surabaya? last year.

    9.Siapa yang membuat kue itu kemarin ? ibu saya.
    Who did make those cake yesterday? My mom

    10.Apa yang jatuh di jalan kemarin ? Tas saya.
    What thing did fall yesterday on the street yesterday? My bag

    >Bagaimana cara membedakan pemakaian WAS/WERE dengan DID??

  13. steven says:

    1. we sell our motorcycle yesterday.
    2. did you go out last night?
    3. he didn’t come to this party last week.
    4. did you sleep soundly last night?
    5. we sell our home at surabaya last year?
    6. the marketing manager did research last week.
    7. did your country sell chair last year.yes i did.
    8. when did you running job at surabaya.last year.
    9. who did make cake yesterday?my mom.
    10. what did fall in the way yesterday?my bag.

    mohon dikoreksi…terima ksih

  14. Vany says:

    kenapa dirumusnya bisa menggunakan 2 cara ?

  15. Kl says:

    1. We sold our motorcycle yesterday
    2. Did you go out last night?
    3. He didn’t come to the part last week
    4. Did you sleep well last night?
    5. We sold our house in Surabaya one year ago
    6. The marketing manger did the research last week
    7. Did your company sell chair last year? Yes
    8. When you run your business in Surabaya? Years ago
    9. Who made the cake yesterday? My mother
    10. What’s that fell on the road today? My bag.

  16. Didik says:

    Mantab Mr.Teguh..Materinya sangat mudah dipahami. Trima Kasih

  17. Hanna says:

    Bagaimana sih penggunaan whom dan whose? dan perbedaannya apa?

  18. sisi says:

    was itu utk subject : he,she.it.
    klo were itu utk subject: I,YOU,WE.THEY
    klo did utk :klimat tnya …
    ex : did you play game yesterday

  19. Panda says:

    1.Kami menjual sepeda motor kami kemarin
    2.Apakah kamu pergi ke luar tadi malam ?
    3.Dia tidak datang ke pesta itu minggu lalu
    4.Apakah kamu tidur nyenyak tadi malam ?
    5.Kami menjual rumah kami di Surabaya tahun lalu.
    6.Manajer pemasaran tersebut melakukan penelitian minggu lalu.
    7.Apakah perusahaan anda menjual kursi tahun lalu ? Ya.
    8.Kapan anda menjalankan usaha anda di Surabaya ? tahun lalu
    9.Siapa yang membuat kue itu kemarin ? ibu saya.
    10.Apa yang jatuh di jalan kemarin ? Tas saya.

    Jawab

    1. We sold our motorcycle yesterday
    2. Did you go out last night?
    3. He didn’t come to the party last week
    4. Did you have a sleep tight last night?
    5. We sold our house in Surabaya last year
    6. The Marketing Manager did the research last week
    7. Did your company sell a chair last year? Yes
    8. When you run your business in Surabaya? Last year
    9. Who made that cake yesterday? My mom
    10. What’s that fell in the street yesterday? My bag

  20. alpha says:

    mantap

  21. ulya says:

    1.we sold our motorcycle yesterday
    2.did you go out last night ?
    3.He didn’t come to that party last week
    4.did you sleep well last night ?
    5.we sold our house in Surabaya last year
    6.the marketing menager did research last week.
    7.did your company sell the chair last year ? yes i did
    8.when you run your business in surabaya? last year
    9.who made that cake yesterday ? My mommy
    10.what is that fell in the street yesterday ? My bag

  22. penjahat surga says:

    1.we sold our motorcycle
    yesterday.
    2.did you go outside last
    night?
    3.he didn’t come at the party
    last week.
    4.did u sleep well last night?
    5. we sold our home at
    surabaya last year.
    6.the marketting manager
    conducted a research last
    week.
    7. did your company sell
    chairs last year? yes,it did
    8. when did you start your
    business in surabaya? last
    year.
    9. who made the cake
    yesterday?
    10. what fell on the street
    yesterday?

  23. lucky-luke says:

    1.we sold our motorcycle yesterday
    2.did you go out last night
    3.he didn’t come to the party last week
    4.did you sleep soundly last night?
    5.we sold our home in surabaya last year
    6.That marketing manager did the research last week
    7.did your company sell the chair last year?yes,i did
    8.when did you run your business in surabaya?last year
    9.who did make the cake yesterday?my mom
    10.what did fall on the street yesterday?my bag

  24. Alkailany says:

    1. We sold our motorcycle yesterday
    2. Did you go out last night?
    3. He did not come to the party last week
    4. Did you sleep soundly last night?
    5. We sold our house in Surabaya last year
    6. The marketing manager did a survey last week
    7. Did your company sell a seat last year? Yes, it did
    8. When did you run your business in Surabaya? Last year
    9. Who made the cake yesterday? My mother did
    10. What fell on the street yesterday? My bag did

  25. Mulyadi says:

    Mohon Pencerahan, mana yang benar

    She was drink coffee
    Or
    She drank coffee

    Mohon penjelasannya.

    Salam

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