Present Continuous Tense

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Dalam Bahasa Inggris, dikenal berbagai bentuk tense. Tense ini digunakan untuk menyebut perubahan bentuk kata kerja berdasarkan waktu terjadinya. Dalam pengertian Present Continuous Tense merupakan tense bentuk yang menunjuk pada tindakan yang sedang berlangsung sekarang atau ketika pembicaraan itu sedang berlangsung. Jadi tindakan itu sudah dimulai, dan belum berakhir ketika pembicaraan itu berlangsung. Selain itu, tense ini juga bisa digunakan untuk bentuk tindakan yang berlangsung hanya untuk jangka waktu yang singkat. Kita juga bisa menggunakan tense ini untuk membicarakan suatu perubahan atau perkembangan yang sedang berlangsung dalam rentang waktu yang lama. Selain itu, tense ini juga bisa dipakai untuk menyebut suatu tindakan yang akan di dilakukan di masa depan (perencanaan). Umumnya, tense ini juga biasa disebut Present Progressive Tense.
Present Continuous Tense

Contoh Penggunaan Present Continuous Tense

1. Kejadian yang sedang berlangsung sekarang atau kegiatan sementara.
Contoh : Mr. Teguh is writing a new book. (Mr. Teguh sedang menulis buku baru)

2. Rencana di masa depan yang sudah pasti waktunya (pribadi).
Contoh : I am going to Surabaya at 07.30 tomorrow. (Saya akan pergi ke Surabaya jam 7.30 besok)

3. perubahan atau perkembangan yang sedang berlangsung dalam rentang waktu yang lama. Contoh : The earth is getting older (Bumi ini semakin tua)

Rumus Present Continuous Tense

Berikut rumus present continuous tense untuk membuat kalimat-kalimat

A. Positif:
subject + to be (am, is, are) + Verb – ing + object
Contoh : I am watching TV now

B. Negatif :
subject + to be + not + verb – ing + object
Contoh : Mr. Khanafi is not going to Jakarta atau
Mr. Khanafi isn’t going to Jakarta

C. Tanya :
to be + subject + verb – ing + object
Is Mrs. Annisa cooking in the kitchen ?

Dalam pembentukan tense ini, dibutuhkan :

A. Bentuk “to be”

1. Tunggal,
I am (orang pertama)
You are (orang kedua)
He / she / it is (orang ketiga)

2. Jamak,
We are (orang pertama)
You are (orang kedua)
They are (orang ketiga)

B. bentuk kata kerja “-ing”
Contoh :
go + ing = going

C. Keterangan waktu (adverb of time) yang sering digunakan dalam Present Continuous tense : now, right now, at the moment, just, still dan tomorrow (digunakan khusus untuk yang menunjuk suatu perencanaan). Contoh:
a. I am writing a book now.
b. We are eating noodles at the moment.
c. She is still waiting for her son.
d. Tomorrow, they are going to go to Jakarta.

D. Selain itu, kita bisa juga menggunakan tense ini untuk suatu rutinitas sementara, contoh :
He is working at home this week because he is sick.
Keterangan waktu yang digunakan dalam bentuk ini adalah this week, theese days, this month, etc.

Latihan Present Continuous Tense

Berikut latihan Present Continuous tense bahasa inggris. Jika mengalami kesulitan dalam arti kata gunakan kamus bahasa inggris online :

Latihan : terjemahkan kalimat ini kedalam bahasa inggris

1.Jack sedang tidur sekarang
2.Mary sedang mengerjakan tugas itu
3.Kami sedang menonton sebuah film di televisi
4.Mereka sedang bermain bola di halaman sekarang
5.Guru itu sedang menerangkan pelajaran itu.
6.Perusahaan itu sedang tumbuh dengan pesat sekarang.
7.Harga saham di bursa Efek Jakarta sedang naik sekarang
8.Pak Adi sedang mengajar bahasa Inggris di kampus sekarang
9.Polisi tersebut sedang mencari Ali sekarang.
10.Ana, Ani, dan Tom sedang berdiskusi sekarang.

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34 Responses to “Present Continuous Tense”

Read below or add a comment...

  1. Avatar of defaclaresta says:

    1.jack is sleeping now

  2. reezz says:

    2.marry is working that task
    3.we are watching a film in television
    4.they are playing footbal in the yard
    5.the teacher is teching that subject
    6.the company is growng quickly
    …..

    please correct my answer and give the true answer??
    thank for the article
    it is very help me !!

  3. nisa says:

    thanks…..

  4. ANGGA says:

    WHAT ABOUT WERE AND WAS ??

  5. M.ZAIDIN says:

    oh thank’s u..
    i very want study english language

  6. Abdur Rohman, S.Kom says:

    1.Jack sedang tidur sekarang
    Jack is sleeping now
    2.Mary sedang mengerjakan tugas itu
    Mary is doing the task
    3.Kami sedang menonton sebuah film di televisi
    we are watching a movie on The Television
    4.Mereka sedang bermain bola di halaman sekarang
    They are playing footbal in the field
    5.Guru itu sedang menerangkan pelajaran itu.
    the teacher is explainig the lesson
    6.Perusahaan itu sedang tumbuh dengan pesat sekarang.
    the company is growing rapidly now
    7.Harga saham di bursa Efek Jakarta sedang naik sekarang
    The Stock’s Price in Bursa Efek Jakarta is Raising up now
    8.Pak Adi sedang mengajar bahasa Inggris di kampus sekarang
    Mr Adi is teaching English on the campus now
    9.Polisi tersebut sedang mencari Ali sekarang.
    The Policemen is Looking for Ali now
    10.Ana, Ani, dan Tom sedang berdiskusi sekarang.
    They are discussing now

  7. Abdur Rohman, S.Kom says:

    correction :
    4.Mereka sedang bermain bola di halaman sekarang
    They are playing footbal in the field
    i forget to add “now” after field, it should be :
    They are playing footbal in the field now

  8. eanbiana says:

    7. bursa efek jakarta => jakarta stock exchange
    10.Ana, Ani and Tom are discussing now

  9. jose says:

    jack sleeping now dont use (is)

  10. masrida panjaitan says:

    1.jack sleeping now
    2.marry working that task
    3.we are wacthing a film in televison
    4.they are plaing football in the field
    5.the teacher explain the lesson
    6.

  11. merry says:

    bentukk nominal nya gmna yah ????? :-o

    sblm nyaa matur nuhunnn….

  12. hendra says:

    1. jack is sleeping now
    2. marry is finishing the task
    3. we are watching a movie on the television
    4. they are playing ball in the yard now
    5. the teacher is explaning the lesson
    6. the company is growing rapidly now
    7. the price of stock in bursa efek jakarta is rising now
    8. Mr.Adi is teraching in the campus now
    9. the police is looking for ali now
    10. Ana,Ani and Tom are discussing now

  13. Sannie says:

    what the different between simple tense with continous tense?? i’m still confuse.. when we use/not using ing in the sentence?

  14. iman says:

    @jose,, according to me, seharusx hruz mnggunakn is,,

  15. Sungsang says:

    @ Sanny
    Simple Present digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu kejadian yang berlangsung singkat saat ini atau suatu kenyataan.

    Contoh:
    Aku bawakan buku untukmu
    I bring you book

    Aku bekerja di sebuah supermarket
    I work at a supermarket

    Present Continous digunakan untuk suatu kejadian yang sedang berlangsung saat ini.

    Contoh:
    Aku sedang duduk di sebuah kursi
    I’m sitting at a chair

    @imam
    Setuju. Seharusnya menggunakan is.

  16. cethol says:

    jack is sleeping now ( subject + to be (am, is, are) + Verb – ing + object )

    @ sungsang…. kalo menurut saya begini:

    +I work in a supermarket — simple tense V1
    +I am sitting on a chair — to be (am, is, are) + Verb – ing
    (on + the + permukaan benda

    Phrase ini digunakan untuk menyatakan bahwa suatu benda berada atau menempel/bersentuhan pada permukaan benda lain. ON berarti “di atas” jika menempel di atas permukaan benda lainnya. Sebaliknya, gunakan ABOVE untuk menyatakan “di atas” tetapi bendanya tidak menempel.)

    CMIIW……………

  17. Qy-K says:

    @jose Says:
    May 23rd, 2011 at 2:30 pm
    jack sleeping now dont use (is)

    don’t use “is” ??please explain..
    kenapa emangnya klo pake is bos?

  18. yusuf says:

    1.Jack is sleeping right now
    2.Mary are working on that task
    3.Kami was watching a movie on television
    4.Mereka were playing ball in the yard now
    5.Guru it was explained that lesson.
    6.Perusahaan it is growing rapidly now.
    7.Harga shares on the Jakarta stock exchange is up now
    8.Pak Adi is teaching English in college now
    9.Polisi Ali was seeking now.
    10.Ana, Annie, and Tom is discussing right now.

  19. Mr. Vivalatte says:

    terima kasih bnyak2..

  20. junnie says:

    good…i like this..Gomawo..

  21. qiramudin says:

    saya salut sekali degan materi-=materi yang dipaparkan oleh bapak. akan tetapi saya menemukan kejanggalan dalam penjelasan diatas. yaitu pada kalimat (Mr.teguh si writing si writing a new book_). mohon penjelasanya

  22. rio says:

    @qiramudin
    itu salah nulis bro.

  23. fiqih says:

    1.jack is sleeping now
    2.mery is finishing that task
    3.we are wacthing movie on television
    4.they are playing foot ball in courtyard
    5.that teacher is explaning that to lesson
    6.that acompany is growing by leaps and bounds now
    7.price stock in bursary effect jakarta are rising now
    8.MR.Adi is teaching english lenguage in colege now
    9.that police are looking for Ali now
    10.Ana,Ani and tom are being discussion now

  24. anita says:

    1.Jack sedang tidur sekarang
    Jack is sleeping now

    2.Mary sedang mengerjakan tugas itu
    Mary is doing the task

    3.Kami sedang menonton sebuah film di televisi
    We are watching a movie on television

    4.Mereka sedang bermain bola di halaman sekarang
    They are playing ball on the yard now

    5.Guru itu sedang menerangkan pelajaran itu.
    That teacher is explaining that lesson

    6.Perusahaan itu sedang tumbuh dengan pesat sekarang.
    That company is growing up with rapid now

    7.Harga saham di bursa Efek Jakarta sedang naik sekarang
    The price of share at jakarta stock exhcange is raising up

    8.Pak Adi sedang mengajar bahasa Inggris di kampus sekarang
    Pak Adi is teaching english language in college now

    9.Polisi tersebut sedang mencari Ali sekarang.
    The police is looking for Ali now

    10.Ana, Ani, dan Tom sedang berdiskusi sekarang.
    Ana,Ani, and Tom is discussing now

  25. anita says:

    Ralat…
    The last number actually is not using is but are :D

  26. Wandarifah says:

    Verb -ing tidak dapat berdiri sendri . Harus ada are, am, is sebelum verb -ing / setelah subject kawan :)

  27. junita says:

    banyaj belajar dari sini,,,,makasih,

  28. Ledis Situmorang says:

    1.Jack sedang tidur sekarang
    + Jack is sleeping now.
    - Jack is not sleeping now.
    ? Is Jack sleeping now.

    2.Mary sedang mengerjakan tugas itu
    + Mary is doing the task.
    - Mary is not doing the task.
    ? Is Mary doing the task

    3.Kami sedang menonton sebuah film di televisi
    + We are watching the movie on television.
    - We are not watching the movie on television
    ? Are we wathcing the movie on television

    4.Mereka sedang bermain bola di halaman sekarang
    + They are playing football at yard now.
    - They are not playing football at yard now.
    ? Are they playing football at yard now.

    5.Guru itu sedang menerangkan pelajaran itu.
    + The teacher is explaining the lesson.
    - The teacher is not explaining the lesson.
    ? Is the teaceher explaining the lesson

    6.Perusahaan itu sedang tumbuh dengan pesat sekarang.
    + The company is growing up by quick now.
    - The company is not growing up by quick now.
    ? Is the company growing up by quick now.

    7.Harga saham di bursa Efek Jakarta sedang naik sekarang
    + The price share at Jakarta Stock Exchange is going up now.
    - The price share at Jakarta Stock Exchange is not going up now.
    ? Is the price share at Jakarta Stock Exchange going up now.

    8.Pak Adi sedang mengajar bahasa Inggris di kampus sekarang
    + Mr. Adi is teaching language english at campuss now.
    - Mr. Adi is not teaching language english at campus now.
    ? Is Mr. Adi teaching language english at campus now.

    9.Polisi tersebut sedang mencari Ali sekarang.
    + The police is looking for Ali now.
    - The police is not looking for Ali now.
    ? Is the police looking for Ali now.

    10.Ana, Ani, dan Tom sedang berdiskusi sekarang.
    + Ana, Ani, and Tom are being discussion now.
    - Ana, Ani, and Tom are not being discussion now.
    ? Are ani, ana, and Tom being discussion now.

  29. kas kas says:

    kenapa kita harus pake “now” padahal kejadian yang sedang berlangsung udah cukup diwakilin verb-ing?

  30. dhara says:

    1. Jack is sleeping now
    2. Marry is working on the task
    3. We are watching a movie on television
    4. They are playing ball in the yard now
    5. The teacher is explaining the lesson
    6. The company is growing rapdly now
    7. Stock price at the jakarta stock exchanging up now
    8. Mr. Adi is teaching english at the college now
    9. The police are looking for ali now
    10. Ana, ani, and tom are discussing now

  31. jihatfaris says:

    banyak belajar dari sini….

  32. jihatfaris says:

    apa sich bedanya “present continuous tense” dengan “simple present tense”
    tolong bantu aqu yach….

  33. Ultri Yempi says:

    If you studied hard, u have controlling the world…..keep trying and dont give up……

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