Past Perfect Tense

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Kita menggunakan Past Perfect (simple) tense untuk menunjukkan suatu tindakan di masa lalu berkaitan dengan tindakan lain sebelumnya di masa lalu. Bisa juga pengertian Past perfect tense digunakan utuk menjelaskan kalau sesuatu terjadi saat sebelum waktu spesifik.

Past Perfect Tense

Penggunaan Past Perfect Tense

1. menceritakan sebuah tindakan yang sudah selesai sebelum tindakan lain di masa lalu

Rumus = had + past participle

Contoh:

a.You had studied math before you moved to los angeles.
Kamu sudah belajar matematika sebelum pindah ke los angeles
b. You had not studied math before you moved to Los angeles.
Kamu belum belajar matematika sebelum pindah ke los angeles
c. Had you studied math before you moved to los angeles?
Apakah kamu sudah belajar matematika sebelum ke los angeles?
2. kalimat pengandaian (Conditional Sentence) Type III

If + subject + Past perfect + would have + verb III
If we had known the answer, we would have told you
Seandainya kami telah tahu jawabannya, kami akan telah mengatakan padamu (kenyataanya kami sudah tidak tahu jawabannya)

3. kalimat tak langsung (reported speech)
Reported speech adalah kalimat yang digunakan untuk menjelaskan perkataan seseorang. Kalimat ini mengubah dialog menjadi kalimat biasa
Ann: I have searched all the rooms.
George: Ann said she had searched all the rooms.
George : Ann mengatakan bahwa dia sudah mencari semua kamar

untuk pembahasan selengkapnya tentang reported speech dalam berbagai tenses disini

3 Rumus Past Perfect Tense

• Positif (+)
Subject + had + verb III + (past participle) + object
• Negatif (-)
Subject + had + not + verb III + object
• Tanya (?)
Had + subject + verb III + object ?

Contoh kalimat – Past Perfect tense:

They had been here before 1945 (+)
- mereka telah berada disini sebelum tahun 1945
They had not been here before 1945 (-)
- mereka belum berada disini sebelum tahun 1945
Had they been here before 1945 ? (?)
- apakah mereka telah berada disini sebelum 1945 ?

She had gone to Amsterdam when I called her (+)
- dia telah pergi ke Amsterdam ketika aku meneleponnya
She had not gone to Amsterdam when I called her (-)
- dia belum pergi ke Amsterdam ketika aku meneleponnya
Had she gone to Amsterdam when you called her ?
- apakah dia telah pergi ke Amsterdam ketika kamu meneleponnya ?

Keterangan waktu (Adverb of time) yang umum digunakan dalam past Perfect tense:
after, before, already, as soon as, just, yet, until, till, by the time that.

Past Perfect tense juga digunakan untuk ungkapan seperti : “I wish”, “as if/though” and “if only”.

• I wish I hadn’t gone there ( aku berharap aku tidak pernah pergi kesana )
• Jono looked as if he had done something terrible. ( Jono tampak seolah-olah ia telah melakukan sesuatu yang mengerikan )

Latihan Soal Past Perfect Tense

Berikut latihan Past Perfect tense bahasa inggris. Jika mengalami kesulitan dalam arti kata gunakan kamus bahasa inggris online :

Latihan I : terjemahkan kalimat ini kedalam bahasa inggris
1.Rumah itu sangat sunyi ketika saya tiba. Semua orang sudah pergi tidur.
2.Saya merasa sangat lelah ketika saya pulang, jadi saya langsung pergi tidur
3.jika saja ibu datang maka kakak pasti tidak akan pulang
4. apakah kamu sudah belajar sebelum pergi ke bioskop.
5. LYa berkata kalau dia mendapat peringkat 3 di lomba matematika tingkat nasional

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8 Responses to “Past Perfect Tense”

Read below or add a comment...

  1. luh resmiasih says:

    that house had very quiet when i arrived.all people had slept
    i had felt very tired when i gone home,so i DIRECTLY gone slept
    i had not hungry,i just had lunched
    To had not at home when i arrived,he just had gone out

  2. Cynthia says:

    this web very helpful thank you

  3. Cynthia says:

    ANSWERS:

    1. The housw was very quite, when i had came, everyone had gone to bed

    2. im fell very tired when i get home, so i went to bed

    3. im not hungry, im juat ate launc

    4. to not be at home when i arrived. he had just came out

  4. Ledis Situmorang says:

    1.Rumah itu sangat sunyi ketika saya tiba. Semua orang sudah pergi tidur.
    The house had very quieted when i came. everybody have slept.

    2.Saya merasa sangat lelah ketika saya pulang, jadi saya langsung pergi tidur
    I had feel very tired when i came, so i went to slept.

    3.Saya tidak lapar, saya baru saja makan siang.
    I had not hungry, i had lunched this afternoon.

    4.To tidak bearada di rumah ketika saya tiba. Dia baru saja keluar.
    To had not at home when i came. He just had gone out.

    Mr. Admin please your correct. :) Thx

  5. Iseng says:

    1.Rumah itu sangat sunyi ketika saya tiba. Semua orang sudah pergi tidur.
    2.Saya merasa sangat lelah ketika saya pulang, jadi saya langsung pergi tidur
    3.Saya tidak lapar, saya baru saja makan siang.
    4.To tidak bearada di rumah ketika saya tiba. Dia baru saja keluar

  6. Iseng says:

    1.Rumah itu sangat sunyi ketika saya tiba. Semua orang sudah pergi tidur.

    the house was so quite when I had arrived, everybody gone to sleep already.

    2.Saya merasa sangat lelah ketika saya pulang, jadi saya langsung pergi tidur.

    I was felt so tired when I got home, so I directly gone to bed

    3.Saya tidak lapar, saya baru saja makan siang.

    I’m not hungry, I just had my Lunch.

    4.To tidak bearada di rumah ketika saya tiba. Dia baru saja keluar

    To was not home when I had arrived, he just gone out.

    to admin please do the correction and reply to my email :D
    cause I admit that my grammar is horrible :(

  7. Ikhsan Firdaus says:

    1.The house was very quiet when I arrived. Everyone had gone to bed.
    2.I feel very tired when I get home, so I went straight to bed
    3.I’m not hungry, I just had lunch.
    4.To not be at home when I arrived. He had just come out

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